Phobia of dating
It may also be caused by various specific phobias such as fear of open spaces, social embarrassment (social agoraphobia), fear of contamination (fear of germs, possibly complicated by obsessive-compulsive disorder) or PTSD (post traumatic stress disorder) related to a trauma that occurred out of doors. Social phobia, also known as social anxiety disorder, is when the situation is feared as the person is worried about others judging them. Some individuals can simply avoid the subject of their fear and suffer relatively mild anxiety over that fear.
Others suffer full-fledged panic attacks with all the associated disabling symptoms.
When an aversive stimulus and a neutral one are paired together, for instance when an electric shock is given in a specific room, the subject can start to fear not only the shock but the room as well.
In behavioral terms, this is described as a conditioned stimulus (CS) (the room) that is paired with an aversive unconditioned stimulus (UCS) (the shock), which leads to a conditioned response (CR) (fear for the room) (CS UCS=CR).
In acrophobia an impairment of occupation could result from not taking a job solely because of its location at the top floor of a building, or socially not participating in a social event at a theme park.
The avoidance aspect is defined as behavior that results in the omission of an aversive event that would otherwise occur, with the goal of preventing anxiety.
Impairment is defined as being unable to complete routine tasks whether occupational, academic or social.
For instance, when a child sees a parent reacting fearfully to an animal, the child can become afraid of the animal as well.
Even though observational learning has been proven effective in creating reactions of fear and phobias, it has also been shown that by physically experiencing an event, chances increase of fearful and phobic behaviors.
It processes the events associated with fear and is linked to social phobia and other anxiety disorders.
The amygdala's ability to respond to fearful stimuli occurs through the process of fear conditioning.