Carbon dating inaccuracies
Carbon-14 dating is a way of determining the age of certain archeological artifacts of a biological origin up to about 50,000 years old.
It is used in dating things such as bone, cloth, wood and plant fibers that were created in the relatively recent past by human activities.
However, most are unaware that the Carbon dating results published for archaeological remains are not the raw results from the radiocarbon tests.
The raw results have a “calibration curve” applied to them to reach the final number.
These tree rings were of known dates between AD 16.
They showed that the average discrepancy between the known ages and those supplied by radiocarbon dating was 19 years.
Theories about the correct dates for events in the ancient world have been debated for centuries.
Even modern archaeology experiences disagreements over what the timelines for different periods should look like.
At an archaeological dig, a piece of wooden tool is unearthed and the archaeologist finds it to be 5,000 years old.
These findings lead to bigger questions about the radiocarbon dating process as a whole, which may have huge ramifications for how biblical events align with the timelines of the ancient world.
The bottom line is that the history of Egypt and Israel may need to be rewritten.
This calibration curve adds additional assumptions to the process as well as additional opportunities for error.
Manning is the director of the Cornell Tree-Ring Laboratory, and is the lead author of “Fluctuating Radiocarbon Offsets Observed in the Southern Levant and Implications for Archaeological Chronology Debates,” published in the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences.